Espalier: crabapple can be planted inches from an exterior wall. Position espaliered trees on the patio or deck to create a living privacy screen. Or go old-style and grow apple trees horizontally for easy access to the fruit.
This is the third of a series of articles looking at design considerations for our Cold Climate Permaculture site using the Keyline Scale of Permanence as a organizing framework, as well as an informative read for anyone interested.
Some of the most beautiful bikes seen on Cycle EXIF were photographed by Will Goodan. Originally from Los Angeles, Will has been based in Tokyo for the past few years, heads a multi-faceted design boutique and has developed a deep appreciation for Keirin