The Battle of Carrhae between the Parthian Empire and the Roman Republic in 53 BC. The Parthian Surena decisively defeated a Roman invasion force, led by Marcus Licinius Crassus. It was one of the most crushing defeats in Roman military history.
Genetic testing of villagers in a remote part of China has shown that nearly two thirds of their DNA is of Caucasian origin, lending support to the theory that they may be descended from a ‘lost legion’ of Roman soldiers. Tests found that the DNA …
Parthian warrior at the battle of Carrhae in 53 BC, a disastrous defeat for Rome. - Licences available from
Roman coin of Augustus (19 BC) showing a Parthian soldier returning the standards captured at Carrhae. Augustus hailed the return of the standards as a political victory over ParthiaBattle of Carrhae - Wikipedia
Historical Debacles: 12 Humiliating Military Defeats from Ancient Times to the Modern Era
The Battle of Carrhae, 53 BC. The legionaries then formed the testudo formation, in which they locked their shields together to present a nearly impenetrable front to missiles. However, this formation severely restricted their ability to fight in melee combat. The Parthian cataphracts exploited this weakness and repeatedly charged the Roman line, causing panic and inflicting heavy casualties.