The Five Civilized Tribes were the five Native American nations—the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole—that were considered civilized by Anglo-European settlers during the colonial and early federal period because they adopted many of the colonists' customs and had generally good relations with their neighbors.

Being "civilized" didn't help. Biddy Craft/"The Five Civilized Tribes (Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act and what was to become the Trail of Tears on May

The Five Civilized Tribes of the Southeast Woodlands: The Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole. The nations rapidly assimilated white culture, raised stock, operated large farms, traded extensively with whites, adopted Christianity, owned Black slaves, and were educated at mission schools. It was  the "mixed-bloods" who readily adapted to white civilization; the "traditionalists"  did not. The Indian Removal Act of 1830, and the Treaty of New Echota, 1835, led to the Trail of…

The Five Civilized Tribes of the Southeast Woodlands: The Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole.

The "Trail of Tears". In 1837, the "Indian Removal Policy" began, to implement the act of Congress, signed by the President who said "that the only good Indian is a dead Indian", Andrew Jackson in 1830. The forced march, consisted of about twenty Native American tribes that included "Five Civilized Tribes" (Creek, Choctaw, Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Seminole). They were pushed into "Indian Territory" (which later became Oklahoma).

The "Trail of Tears" was a Indian Removal Policy, signed by President Andrew Jackson. They forced about twenty Native American tribes out of "American" territory.

Learn about finding records for Native American ancestors outside of the Five Civilized Tribes here

Native am. Genealogy hints and places to look. Pic- Cheyenne Indian Chief Whirlwind and Family - Photo By Christopher C." From Oklahoma and Indian Territory, Indian Photos,

The Dawes Roll (Final Rolls) is a list of those members of the Five Civilized Tribes who removed to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) during the 1800's and were living there during the above dates. If your ancestor was not living in Indian Territory during 1898-1914 they will not be listed on the Dawes Roll! Only those Indians who RECEIVED LAND under the provisions of the Dawes Act are listed. It also lists those Freedmen who received land allotments as provided for in the Dawes Act. These pages…

The Dawes Roll (Final Rolls) is a list of those members of the Five Civilized Tribes who removed to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) during the and were living there during the above dates.

American indian genealogy - lots of great hints and tons of help

Links to African American Cemeteries in Arkansas, plus links to both Cleveland and Lawrence County Cemeteries.

The Five Civilized Tribes Museum in Muskogee, Oklahoma is full of artifacts and history from the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee Creek and Seminole tribes all housed in a structure built in 1875.

The Five Civilized Tribes Museum in Muskogee, Oklahoma is full of artifacts and history from the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee Creek and Seminole tribes all housed in a structure built in

Choctaw Madonna and Child by Fr. John Giuliani       (The “Five Civilized Tribes” — the Choctaws, Cherokees, Chickasaws, Creeks and Seminoles — were forcibly "removed" from their lands in the eastern United states and marched on the Trail of Tears in the harsh winter of 1831-1832 to Indian territory — now Oklahoma.

Choctaw Madonna and Child by Fr. John Giuliani the Choctaws, Cherokees, Chickasaws, Creeks and Seminoles — marched on the Trail of Tears in the harsh winter of

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