List of Jewish populations by country used at the Wannsee Conference showing Latvia with 3,500 left alive Jews have occupied the region of the Baltic countries since the fourteenth century. The primary concentration of the Jewish population was in the cities, Daugavpils, Vilnius and Riga in particular. Before World War Two, there were over 90,000 Jews in the Baltic area. By the end of the war about 70,000 of these people had been murdered by the Germans. World War Two
Farhud refers to the pogrom or "violent dispossession" carried out against the Jewish population of Baghdad, Iraq, on June 1–2, 1941. The riots occurred in a power vacuum following the collapse of the pro-Nazi government. By 1951, 110,000 Jews—80% of Iraqi Jewry—had emigrated from the country, most to Israel. The Farhud has been called the "forgotten pogrom of the Holocaust" and "the beginning of the end of the Jewish community of Iraq", a community that had existed for 2,600 years.