A, late-16th century, vision of a Pictish warrior (clearly based on Herodian's description of the “barbarians” of Caledonia) by John White. The overall blue tinting of the body is inspired by a remark made by Julius Caesar, who had spent a few weeks in the south-eastern corner of Britain in 55BC and 54BC: “All the Britons, without exception, stain themselves with woad, which produces a blueish tint; and this gives them a wild look in battle.”

Drawn by John White Date A Pictish warrior holding a human head; nude, body stained and painted with birds, animals and serpents carrying shield and man's head, with large curved sword Watercolour touched with bodycolour and white over graphite

Picts: Facts And History About Mysterious People Of Northern Scotland

grom right to left: Pictish nobleman C), Pictish or north British hunter C), North Pictish chieftain C)

It is clear that the formation of a Pictish nation that united the peoples of Scotland was due to the arrival of the Romans.

The 'kingdoms' of ancient Britain. Between 400 to 900 AD, from withdrawal of the Roman Empire until the ascension of Anglo-Saxon rule, the land we now call Britain was divided under the rule of many peoples. These tribes were banded together loosely

A Pictish 'schiltron' repels Romano-British cavalry from the Kingdom of Strathclyde 744 AD.

Battle of Stirling, as Scottish rebels hold line against English cavalry.

Caledonii.  The Romans called the tribes of the north the ‘Caledones’ or ‘Caledonii’ and named their land ‘Caledonia’. The Roman historian Tacitus tells us that the inhabitants of Caledonia had ‘red hair and large limbs’; they were a fierce people that were quick to fight when they first saw the Roman invaders.

Caledonian Warrior, tall, red haired tribe of the north so feared by the Roman Empire the Romans built a wall to keep them at bay.

Pictsish Standing Stone, Scotland. The Picts were an ancient tribe, given the name by the Romans. The name means Painted Ones; even the Romans were scared of the Picts.

The Picts were an ancient tribe given the name by the Romans meaning Painted Ones, even they were scared of the picts

Pictish woman warrior. The Picts were a group of early Mediaeval Celtic people, who would adorn themselves from head to toe in tattoos of ancient Pictish symbols.

Hand-colored version of Theodor de Bry’s engraving of a Pict woman (a member of an ancient Celtic people from Scotland). De Bry’s engraving, “The True Picture of a Women Picte.

The earliest surviving mention of the Picts dates from AD297.  In a poem praising the Roman emperor Constantius Chlorus, the orator Eumenius wrote that the Britons were already accustomed to the semi-naked "Picti and Hiberni (Irish) as their enemies."

The earliest surviving mention of the Picts dates from In a poem praising the Roman emperor Constantius Chlorus, the orator Eumenius wrote that the Britons were already accustomed to the semi-naked "Picti and Hiberni (Irish) as their enemies.

Pictish stones are monumental stelae found in Scotland, mostly north of the Clyde-Forth line, and on the Eastern side of the country. These stones are the most visible remaining evidence of the Picts and are thought to date from the 6th to 9th centuries, a period during which the Picts became Christianized. The earlier stones have few surviving parallels from the rest of the British Isles, but the later forms are variations within a wider Insular tradition of monumental stones such as high…

Pictish stone - The Class I Dunnichen Stone, with Pictish symbols including the "double disc and Z-rod" at centre, and "mirror and comb" at the bottom.

Map of Scotland and the Picts-historians have adopted the terms "Pict" or "Pictish" as a convenient label for the period and people from about AD 300-800.

Map of Scotland and the Picts -historians have adopted the terms "Pict" or "Pictish" as a convenient label for the period and people from about AD

Map of Roman Britain

Purposes of Building the Hadrian’s Wall

Location of Picts, Scots and Britons in late ancient and early medieval Britain…

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