Lev Davidovich Trotsky (1879-1940), Russian Marxist Revolutionary and Theorist, Soviet Politician, and the Founder and First Leader of the Red Army.

A young Lev Bronshtein poses for a police photograph, During his time in prison and exile he would become a Marxist and adopt the pseudonym “Trotsky.

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Ukrainians and Russians have common call – No master over worker! 1920 poster by Vladimir Mayakovskyy, Stock Photo

Russian Revolution of 1917.jpg: Bolsheviks march on Red Square beginning the Civil War between "Red" (Bolsheviks) and "White" (anti Bolshevik) factions and led to the Abdication of Nicholas II, Collapse of the Imperial Government, Collapse of the Provisional Government, with the Bolsheviks utlimately victorious in establishing the USSR in 1922 - the first communist state.

November The Bolsheviks Rebel Against the Provisional Russian Government - “What we see now in Russia is the latest phase in the struggle, not between two foreign policies, but between two internal policies.

Bloody Sunday was a massacre on Jan. 22 1905 in St. Petersburg, Russia, where unarmed, peaceful demonstrators marching to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas II were gunned down by the Imperial Guard. Bloody Sunday was an event with grave consequences for the Tsarist regime, as the disregard for ordinary people shown by the massacre undermined support for the state. The events which occurred here have been assessed to be one of the key events which led to the eventual Russian Revolution of…

22 janvier 1905 : Dimanche rouge à Saint-Pétersbourg Bloody Sunday was a massacre on Jan. 22 1905 in St. Petersburg, Russia, where unarmed, peaceful demonstrators marching to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas II were gunned down by the Imperial Guard.

Alexandra Kollontai was a Russian revolutionary and one of the main leaders of the Bolshevik Party during the Russian Revolution of 1917.

Alexandra Kollontai, Russian revolutionary and one of the main leaders of the Bolshevik Party during the Revolution of

Russian Revolution, 1917. Russian troops firing on demonstrators with machine guns, June 4, 1917, by Karl Karlovich Bulla At least 700 people were killed or wounded....while Lenin went into hiding. This is significant because it shows the political tension of Russia at the beginning of the twentieth century. It shows how the military treated its people and that demonstrators are unhappy with their current state (poverty and limited rights).

Russian troops firing on demonstrators with machine guns, corner of Nevsky Prospect and Sadovaya Street, St. Petersburg, June by Karl Karlovich Bulla

Street barricade with artillery during the February 1917 Russian Revolution - (Photo by Imagno/Getty Images)

What Happened During the 1917 Russian Revolutions?

What Happened During the 1917 Russian Revolutions?: February revolution in Russia, Street barricade, on the March, 1917 Czar Nicholas II gives the shooting order against the insurgents of the February revolution, Russia.

Lecture 7:  The Aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution.  The History Guide [Lectures on Early European History].

Lecture The Russian Revolution--Red October and the Bolshevik Coup The History Guide [Lectures on Early European History].

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