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History - Ancient History in depth: Ancient Egyptian Gods Gallery
Bastet Bastet was the cat-goddess of Bubastis in the Eastern Delta. She was probably worshipped originally as a wild cat (Felis vercata maniculata), but her later manifestations were as the domestic cat that was introduced into Egypt around 2100 BC. She was depicted as a woman with a cat's head, or in the form that is familiar to us from the numerous Late-Period statues of her, that of a lissom and majestic queen cat. Although a virgin goddess she was nevertheless the mother of a son, Mihos. In the Late Period her popularity was so great that worshippers flocked to her temple for the annual festival held in her honour. The Greeks identified her with Artemis, the divine huntress.
Artemis Mistress of the Animals
Potnia Theron (Ἡ Πότνια Θηρῶν, "Mistress of the Animals") is a term first used (once) by Homer (Iliad 21. 470) and often used to describe female divinities associated with animals. The word Potnia, meaning mistress or lady, was a Mycenaean word inherited by Classical Greek, with the same meaning, cognate to Sanskrit patnī. Homer's mention of potnia theron is thought to refer to Artemis .
Bone fibula catch-plate, 660 BCE, of the goddess Orthia, a local Peloponnesian goddess whose worship pre-dated the Olympians. Possibly connected to the religion of the Minoans, she was later combined with the Olympian, Artemis, and the rituals surrounding her worship became fodder for Roman tourists during the Flavian period.
A TERMINAL OF A PIN WITH POTNIA THERON H. 9 cm. Bronze Luristan, ca. 850-680 B.C. A female (?) demon - a so-called Potnia Theron - stands in the centre of the open-work plaque and holds a stylized animal in each hand. The demon has an elongated face, protruding nose, beady eyes and short, upright ears. It wears a mighty horn-crown that dominates the upper part of the plaque. Rosettes beside the ears. Pin missing. A crack in the lower right part of the frame. Lower part of the frame reinforc