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African American History
The Philadelphia Black Mafia terrorized the east coast for more than a decade, from the late 1960s all the way into the early 1980s. “PBM” was a notoriously brutish and violence-prone crime syndicate that tried veiling their activities in the name of religion, latching on to the Nation of Islam and …
Ellsworth Raymond "Bumpy" Johnson (October 31, 1905 - July 7, 1968) was an American gangster in New York City's Harlem in the early 20th century. He was an associate of mob boss Stephanie St. Clair. He was one of the leading criminals in Harlem to fight a war against Dutch Schultz, who incorporated the city's organized crime into the Jewish and Italian mobs of the day. He was hired as an enforcer by the Genovese family to protect the Mafia in black neighborhoods against local criminals.
The first book I read after I decided to consciously educate myself to be a part of the movement was Sanyika Shakur’s “Monster” in the mid-‘90s. I was inspired by the sharpness of his ideas, his vocabulary and his grasp on history. I respected him in the same way I respected Tupac Shakur. I knew that one day I wanted to be able express myself as articulately as the two of them.
Stanley Tookie Williams III (December 29, 1953 – December 13, 2005) was a leader of the Crips, a notorious American street gang which has its roots in South Central Los Angeles in 1969. In 1979 he was convicted of four murders committed in the course of robberies, sentenced to death, and eventually executed. Once incarcerated, he authored several books, including anti-gang and anti-violence literature and children's books.