Jackie Ormes was the First African American Woman Cartoonist. Ormes’s cartoon characters--Torchy Brown, Candy, Patty-Jo, and Ginger--delighted readers of African American newspapers, such as the Chicago Defender and Pittsburgh Courier between
African American author, educator and speaker, Dr. Anna J. Cooper, was born a slave, but became a prominent African American scholar. She earned a Ph.D in history from the Sorbonne in and became the fourth African American woman to earn a doctoral degree
"Hospital Apprentices second class Ruth C. Isaacs, Katherine Horton and Inez Patterson (left to right) are the first Negro WAVES to enter the Hospital Corps School at National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, MD." 2 March (US National Archives)
Willie Hobbs Moore is the first African-American woman to earn a PH.D in physics in She received it at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. Her thesis research involved important problems in vibrational analysis of macro molecules.