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A Tangut manuscript with Tibetan phonetic glosses :

A Tangut manuscript with Tibetan phonetic glosses :

Ancients Manuscripts from Desert Libraries of Timbuktu

Ancients Manuscripts from Desert Libraries of Timbuktu - Nasir al-Din Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn al-Hajj al-Amin al-Tawathi al-Ghalawi. Kashf al-Ghummah fi Nafa al-Ummah (The Important Stars Among the Multitude of the Heavens), copied

Birch bark letter from ca. 1100 found near the ancient city of Novgorod, Russia.  Written in the Old Novgorod dialect using the Cyrillic alphabet, many such manuscripts have been found in Russia and date to between the 9th and 15th centuries AD.  These texts have been valuable in giving linguists a glimpse into the old Eastern Slavic dialects spoken at that time.

Description: letters on birch bark. Date: Copywright: free for private use.

A part of the largest surviving mathematical scroll, the Rhind Papyrus (written in hieratic script), asks questions about the geometry of triangles. It is, in essence, a mathematical text book. The surviving parts of the papyrus show how the Egyptian engineers calculated the proportions of pyramids as well as other structures. Originally, this papyrus was five meters long and thirty three centimeters high.

Ancient Egyptian papyrus showing mathematical calculations.

FREE Lesson Plan – Write Like the Mayans!

Dresden codex also known as the Codex Dresdensis pages, metres feet) one of the few Mayan books that have survived burning by the Spanish

An Arabic manuscript illustrating how to use the Pythagorean Theorem. It is dated to the year 1258.http://lostislamichistory.com/al-khawarizmi/

An Arabic manuscript illustrating how to use the Pythagorean Theorem. It is dated to the year 1258

Göktürk Kitabeleri. Remnant of ancient Turkic epigraphs artifacts at an archaeological site in Mongolia.  The Gokturks are the oldest nomadic people in Central Asia that left records of their own language in their own writing system. Because of a superficial resemblance to the Runic alphabet, the alphabet is also known as Orkhon or Turkic runes. This resemblance is probably a result of the writing materials used - most inscriptions are in hard surfaces, such as stone or wood, and curved…

Remnant of ancient Turkic epigraphs artifacts at an archaeological site in Mongolia. The Gokturks are the oldest nomadic people in Central Asia that left records of their own language in their own writing system.

Timbuktu manuscripts. One of some 300,000 known historic documents stored in and around Timbuktu, in safe places to protect them from the civil war in Mali.

Manuscript of Nasir al-Din Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn al-Hajj al-Amin al-Tawathi al-Ghalawi's Kashf al-Ghummah fi Nafa al-Ummah. From the Mamma Haidara Commemorative Library, Timbuktu.

The Oracle Bone Script, called 'Jiaguwen' (in Chinese), is the 1st relatively complete character system laying the foundations for the development of the later Chinese characters, which have undergone several stages respectively marked by Jin-wen (Bronze Script), Xiaozhuan (Lesser Seal Character), Li-shu (Clerical Script), Cao-shu (running script), and Kai-shu (Regular Script) that gradually evolved into simplified characters we use as standard form today.

It is Oracle bone inscription (Chinese: 甲骨文; As the earliest Chinese writing scripts, Oracle bone inscriptions are the ancient Chinese characters carved on tortoise shells and animal scapulae.

Vatican 103 is a unique manuscript dated to 861 A.D. containing a complete biblical commentary know as the Severus Catena. Pictured here is the opening of the commentary on Job attributed to Ephrem. Note the efficient serto script, with some estrangelo features. Note also the marginal comments, which are incorporated into the main text in later witnesses.

Vatican 103 is a unique manuscript dated to 861 A.D. containing a complete biblical commentary know as the Severus Catena. Pictured here is the opening of the commentary on Job attributed to Ephrem. Note the efficient serto script, with some estrangelo features. Note also the marginal comments, which are incorporated into the main text in later witnesses.

Ancient Tocharian - a lost Indo-European language

Wooden tablet with an inscription showing Tocharian B in its Brahmic form.

slavic alphabet | Glagolitic alphabet, the oldest known Slavic alphabet

Alphabet glagolitique, l'alphabet slave le plus ancien. / The Glagolitic alphabet is the oldest known Slavic alphabet.

Table of Runic Futhorcs, Latin Ciphers and Cryptic Alphabets in St. John’s MS 17 folio 5v. An early 12th century English manuscript copy of a work by the late Anglo-Saxon monk Byrhtferth

Table of Runic Futhorcs, Latin Ciphers and Cryptic Alphabets in St. John’s MS 17 folio An early century English manuscript copy of a work by the late Anglo-Saxon monk Byrhtferth (Byrhtferð)

(China)   Ancient texts written on bamboo slips

ancient texts written on bamboo slips / china

Macedonian Language - Macedonian Alphabet - Greek - Archaeological Museum of Amphipolis | Escape Greece

Macedonian Language - Macedonian Alphabet - Greek - Archaeological Museum of Amphipolis

Xuanzang w.jpg

century Chinese Buddhist monk Xuanzang - tang dynasty), traveled for 17 years in India seeking original buddhist texts. From Tokyo National Museum.

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