Thomas Griffith "Grif" Taylor (1880 - 1963) was a British / Australian geographer, anthropologist and explorer. He was a survivor of Captain Robert Scott's Terra Nova Expedition to Antarctica (1910–1913). In this illustration dated 8 February 1911 depicts the typical clothing as used by 20th century Antarctic explorers. Find out more about early polar equipment: www.nls.uk/learning-zone/geography-and-exploration/scotts...
Knud Johan Victor Rasmussen (1879–1933) Danish polar explorer & anthropologist. He has been called the "father of Eskimology" & was the first European to cross the Northwest Passage via dog sled. Rasmussen's "greatest achievement" was the massive Fifth Thule Expedition (1921–24) which was designed to "attack the great primary problem of the origin of the Eskimo race." Rasmussen left the team & traveled for 16 months with two Inuit hunters by dog-sled across North America to Nome, Alaska
Helge Marcus Ingstad (1899–2001) Norwegian explorer. After mapping some Norse settlements, Ingstad & his wife Anne Stine, an archaeologist, in 1960 found remnants of a Viking settlement in L'Anse aux Meadows in the Province of Newfoundland in Canada. With that they were the first to prove conclusively that the Greenlandic Norsemen had found a way across the Atlantic Ocean to North America, roughly 500 years before Christopher Columbus & John Cabot.
Capt. Lawrence Edward Grace (Titus) Oates (17.3.1880|16.3.1912), English Antarctic explorer, known for the manner of his death during the Terra Nova Expedition, when he walked from a tent into a blizzard, with the words "I am just going outside and may be some time." His death is seen as an act of self-sacrifice when, aware his ill health was compromising his three companions' chances of survival, he chose certain death