Bukowina, once the easternmost province of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was proud of its capital, Czernowitz. Full of architectural gems, this city was known as a "Little Vienna". It boasted of a thriving culture. In its glory days, it was a melting pot of ethnic groups of which the Jewish community made up more than 30%, over 50,000 individuals. Yiddish and Jewish culture thrived with the likes of Eliezer Shtainbarg and Paul Celan. The famous melody, Hava Nagilah, began in Czernowitz.