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1940's - The first notable wave of Mexican Immigration in US. The Bracero program helped open doors to many Mexican workers (reason why many of us are here today). Mexican music sprouted and forever living legacies like "La Bamba" were created.

- The first notable wave of Mexican Immigration in US. The Bracero program helped open doors to many Mexican workers (reason why many of us are here today). Mexican music sprouted and forever living legacies like "La Bamba" were created.

Crowd of Mexican bracero workers in Hidalgo, Texas.  Bitter Harvest: LIFE With America’s Migrant Workers, 1959 | LIFE.com

Bitter Harvest: LIFE With America's Migrant Workers, 1959

Crowd of Mexican braceros at reception center in Hidalgo, Texas, 1959 - by Michael Rougier

It shows the Mexican workers on the train headed to Los Angeles. Shows how excited they were to be coming to work in the US.

It shows the Mexican workers on the train headed to Los Angeles. Shows how excited they were to be coming to work in the US.

Photograph, c. 1920. This photograph shows a group of non-European farmers, including some children. Throughout the 1920s many non-Europeans were frustrated with the extremely low wages and sometimes bad conditions. Many farmers and miners were starving. They worked a much more physical job than many European ("white") Canadians, yet they received much lower wages. This frustration lead to many strikes and unhappy workers.

Photograph, c. 1920. This photograph shows a group of non-European farmers, including some children. Throughout the 1920s many non-Europeans were frustrated with the extremely low wages and sometimes bad conditions. Many farmers and miners were starving. They worked a much more physical job than many European ("white") Canadians, yet they received much lower wages. This frustration lead to many strikes and unhappy workers.

Pay night at bracero camp in Pharr, Texas. Ave weekly pay was $26. Bitter Harvest: LIFE With America’s Migrant Workers, 1959 | LIFE.com

Bitter Harvest: LIFE With America's Migrant Workers, 1959

Michael Rougier's powerful photographs of the conditions endured by migrant workers and their families all across the United States.

by Michael Rougier, The conditions endured by migrant workers and their families all across the United States

A camp for Mexican farm workers near Fullerton, California, (Michael Rougier—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)

Documenting the Stories of Bracero Guest Workers (NPR)

Documenting the Stories of Bracero Guest Workers

Take a look at these steps and tips to create DBQs (Document Based Questions)!

This pin gives steps and tips to create DBQs (Document Based Questions)! Elementary students can think historically as they read, analyze, and answer questions about social studies documents.

Mexican migrant farm workers at reception center in Hidalgo, Texas, line up for job interviews, 1959.

Bitter Harvest: LIFE With America's Migrant Workers, 1959

Mexican migrant farm workers at reception center in Hidalgo, Texas, line up for job interviews, 1959

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