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News about the death of America’s first lady reaches the Empire. Ellen Axson Wilson died on August 6, two days after her husband President Woodrow Wilson declared the USA’s neutrality, a position favoured by the American public. Her death makes Wilson one of only three presidents to be widowed in office and plunges her husband into a deep depression.

News about the death of America’s first lady reaches the Empire. Ellen Axson Wilson died on August 6, two days after her husband President Woodrow Wilson declared the USA’s neutrality, a position favoured by the American public. Her death makes Wilson one of only three presidents to be widowed in office and plunges her husband into a deep depression.

Lean times and wartime rationing. Discover what it was like to go shopping in Australia during World War II. See how people in the 1940s had to live with rationing. Learn how an ice box and a Coolgardie safe worked.

Lean times and wartime rationing. Discover what it was like to go shopping in Australia during World War II. See how people in the had to live with rationing. Learn how an ice box and a Coolgardie safe worked.

Big crowds flock to the Congress of Sydney to hear Australian geologist, polar explorer and academic Sir Douglas Mawson discuss his expeditions to Antarctic and the magnatic South Pole from 1911-1914. He said there was geological proof Australia and Antarctic were once connected and urged that future expeditions concentrate of scientific research and the polar region impact.

Big crowds flock to the Congress of Sydney to hear Australian geologist, polar explorer and academic Sir Douglas Mawson discuss his expeditions to Antarctic and the magnatic South Pole from 1911-1914. He said there was geological proof Australia and Antarctic were once connected and urged that future expeditions concentrate of scientific research and the polar region impact.

Australian women are reminded by the Red Cross to continue making socks and belts for the troops following a request by the Queen to the women of the Empire to help fill an appeal from Lord Kitchener for the supply of 300,000 socks and 300,000 knitted or woven belts by November.

Australian women are reminded by the Red Cross to continue making socks and belts for the troops following a request by the Queen to the women of the Empire to help fill an appeal from Lord Kitchener for the supply of 300,000 socks and 300,000 knitted or woven belts by November.

Able Seaman Billy Williams from Northcote, Melbourne, becomes the first Australian killed in action. Williams dies when Australian troops land in German New Guinea at Kabakaul to capture and destroy the wireless station. They meet strong resistance from native fighters, led by German army officers. It results in Australia’s first combat casualties, firstly Williams then three other sailors and an army doctor.

Able Seaman Billy Williams from Northcote, Melbourne, becomes the first Australian killed in action. Williams dies when Australian troops land in German New Guinea at Kabakaul to capture and destroy the wireless station. They meet strong resistance from native fighters, led by German army officers. It results in Australia’s first combat casualties, firstly Williams then three other sailors and an army doctor.

Australia’s Anzac fame is published in London’s The Times newspaper. “The essence of the Dardanelles enterprise is the resource and vigour of the Australians and New Zealanders,” the paper says. “They have been asked to carry out a task which would test the metal of the most seasoned soldiers.”

Australia’s Anzac fame is published in London’s The Times newspaper. “The essence of the Dardanelles enterprise is the resource and vigour of the Australians and New Zealanders,” the paper says. “They have been asked to carry out a task which would test the metal of the most seasoned soldiers.”

Fifteen senior Australian army officers are told to take retirement within three weeks. The move comes ahead of the Government's expected unveiling of a new command structure for Australia's defence forces. Under the structure, the retirement age of colonels and brigadiers is reduced from 60 to 57 years.

Fifteen senior Australian army officers are told to take retirement within three weeks. The move comes ahead of the Government's expected unveiling of a new command structure for Australia's defence forces. Under the structure, the retirement age of colonels and brigadiers is reduced from 60 to 57 years.

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