The Pentose Phosphate Pathway: The missing link between hormonal imbalances and carbohydrate metabolism?
TJ.In biochemistry, the pentose phosphate pathway (also called the phosphogluconate pathway and the hexose monophosphate shunt) is a metabolic pathway parallel to glycolysis that generates NADPH and pentoses (5-carbon sugars) as well as Ribose 5-phosphate, a precursor for the synthesis of nucleotides. While it does involve oxidation of glucose, its primary role is anabolic rather than catabolic. There are two distinct phases in the pathway. The first is the oxidative phase, in which NADPH i...
Typical dicot bundle
transverse, ragweed stem (Ambrosia). Vascular bundle, dicot/gymnosperm/any plant with a eustele. Protoxylem-stretchable secondary wall patterns (annular, helical). Metaxylem-any secondary wall pattern. Metaxylem exterior to protoxylem-endarch-all seed plants. Metaphloem, primary phloem fibers (shoot apical meristem), secondary phloem (vascular cambium). xylem phloem run side-by-side --> collateral bundle